In this paper, a staggered vernier generator suitable for a counter-rotating self-adaptable WEC is proposed to meet the energy demand of the small-scale engineering equipment in the deep sea. According to the vernier effect of the magnetic gear, the generator modulates the low-order rotating magnetic field generated by the rotation of the low-speed permanent magnet rotor into a high-order magnetic field rotating at a high speed, thereby realizing the acceleration of the generator magnetic field. A staggered structure permanent magnet vernier generator with 18 teeth/28 poles is designed. The main magnetic flux path on the staggered structure in the staggered vernier generator is analyzed, and the air-gap magnetic field distribution of the generator is analyzed with the help of numerical simulation software. The influence of different design parameters on the vernier generator is discussed. The staggered vernier structure can improve the main magnetic flux of the generator, reduce the magnetic flux leakage, and improve the performance of the generator without adding additional structures and materials.