A huge effort is now under way to develop energy systems that make use of natural energy flows in the environment — including those produced by waves and tidal streams. Since the reduction of carbon emissions is a principal advantage of wave, tidal and other renewable technologies, one should recognise that this benefit is also proclaimed by supporters of nuclear power. This chapter considers these natural resources that promise to help wean us away from our addiction to fossil fuels. It then discusses modern wave and tidal stream technology, which is currently making rapid progress and is poised to make a significant contribution to electricity generation in the coming decades.
For more information on the full text: Electricity from Wave and Tide: An Introduction to Marine Energy