Marine energy generation technologies such as wave and tidal power have great potential in meeting the need for renewable energy in the years ahead. Yet, many challenges remain associated with marine-based systems because of the corrosive environment. Conventional materials like metals are subject to rapid corrosive breakdown, crippling the lifespan of structures in such environments. Fiber-reinforced polymer composites offer an appealing alternative in their strength and corrosion resistance, but can experience degradation of mechanical properties as a result of moisture absorption. An investigation is conducted to test the application of a technique for micromechanical analysis of composites, known as multicontinuum theory and demonstrated in past works, as a mechanism for predicting the effects of prolonged moisture absorption on the performance of fiber-reinforced composites. Experimental tensile tests are performed on composite coupons with and without prolonged exposure to a salt water solution to obtain stiffness and strength properties. Multicontinuum theory is applied in conjunction with micromechanical modeling to deduce the effects of moisture absorption on the behavior of constituent materials within the composites. The results are consistent with experimental observations when guided by known mechanisms and trends from previous studies, indicating multicontinuum theory as a potentially effective tool in predicting the long-term performance of composites in marine environments.