Offshore energy structures are subjected to oceanic environmental loads. Aerodynamics and hydrodynamics are the governing loads for the majority of the structures and structural components. Generally, the most important hydrodynamic and aerodynamic loads are presented by wave and wind loading. However, in some cases and for special design/concepts, the ocean current and hydrostatic loads may significantly affect the scantlings.
This is a book chapter in Offshore Energy Structures: For Wind Power, Wave Energy and Hybrid Marine Platforms.