It is widely suggested that step gains in wave energy converter power capture performance must be realized to achieve economic viability. One method of fulfilling power capture gains is to invoke resonant conditions between the device and the incoming ocean wave. However, a general method that can establish the prerequisites for achieving resonant conditions in an arbitrarily complex wave energy converter architecture is nonexistent.
In this work, we present an analytical procedure, built on the mechanical circuit framework, for identifying the resonant conditions of an arbitrarily complex wave energy converter architecture. To demonstrate the procedure, we select three complex two body point absorber devices as a case study, each with a geometry controllable feature set. Through invoking resonant conditions in each architecture, we illustrate how the choice of topology has significant influence on the power capture characteristics of the WEC device. Selecting the highest performing architecture, we then reveal how the analytical equations can be applied to promote technology innovation by supplying design criterion prior to locking down the WEC design. Finally, we apply the analytics within a numerical case study and present a hierarchy describing the incremental performance improvements realized through implementing steps in control complexity for this device.