The helical tidal current turbine was studied and reported its performance and characteristics for free water flow electric turbine development. The scale model of tidal turbine was built in dimension as: 0.5m and 0.6m of diameters and 1.25m in length; the turbine cross section blade was the symmetric NACA0020 with a 0.07m chord length, and there were 3 blades with the helical angle of 120o, 135o, and 150o. The model was tested in a towing tank (1.46m width, 3m depth and 45m length). The rotation and torque of the turbine was measured under various tow velocity settings, while power and power efficiencies under various tip speed ratios and helical angle velocities were presented. The characteristics obtained from this experiment provide useful information for the design and development of helical tidal current electrical turbine.