The thirty-year non-stationary historical trends in the wave energy climate for United States coastal waters between 1980 and 2009 are investigated using spectral partitioned wave data generated from a WaveWatch III® (version 5.05) hindcast. In addition to historical trends in the omni-directional wave power, frequency and directionally resolved wave power, frequency and directional spreading, and seasonal variability, are examined for the first time, including their geographical distribution. These historical wave energy climate trends are linked to changes to the dominant wave systems and commensurate trends in the historical wind climate. Total wave power trends are consistent with other studies, but the present study identifies regions, and specific frequency and direction bands, where significant wave energy climate changes have occurred. For some regions, changes to wave climate parameters exceeded one-percent annually, more than thirty-percent over the study period. Non-stationary trends of this magnitude have significant implications for ocean and coastal engineering projects designed assuming wave climates are stationary and warrant their consideration in design practices.