This paper presents the stability analysis of a non-conventional breakwater cross-section integrating an overtopping wave energy converter, named OBREC. The device consists of a traditional rubble-mound breakwater in which the upper part of the armour layer is replaced by a smooth ramp and a reservoir.
The analysis of the structure is carried out by combining model scale experiments and numerical simulations based on the Volume-Averaged Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (VARANS) equations.
The numerical analysis is used to complete and extend the results of the physical model test campaign, providing a deeper understanding of the pressure distribution and resultant force behaviour in locations where laboratory measurements were difficult to obtain or not available. Results show that the maximum vertical and horizontal total forces on the device are not simultaneous. At the time instant of the maximum total horizontal force, the vertical force is zero or directed downward, due to the significant positive contribution of the force acting on the sloping ramp. Additional numerical simulations show the influence of the submerged ramp length on the forces acting on the structure using the global and local stability analysis. The presence of the shaft contributes positively to the global stability against the sliding failure mode by reducing the uplift force exerted on the horizontal base. Moreover, the stability analysis shows that the critical conditions for the global failure modes occur at different time instants.