A fixed dual cylindrical oscillating water column (OWC) acting as a breakwater-type wave energy converter (WEC) is proposed to harvest the wave energy effectively for shallow offshore sites. An analytical model is developed to investigate the hydrodynamic characteristics and the energy capture capacity of the cylindrical OWC device in severe waves. Based on the linear potential flow theory, the analytical solutions of the velocity potential in diffraction mode are solved by matching the Eigen-function expansion technique, and the continuous conditions of the velocity potential and fluid velocity between the computational sub-domains are involved in solving the problem for determining a solution. The proposed model is verified against the published data. The effects of the wave height, the angle of chamber clapboard and the radius of the inner and outer cylindrical column on the energy conversion efficiency are investigated in this paper. To improve the energy conversion performance and obtain a faster prediction for structural optimization of the cylindrical OWC, the geometrical parameters are further discussed in the analytical model. The results indicate that the geometrical parameters of the chamber have significant effects on the wave energy absorption efficiency. It is found that the effective frequency bandwidth of the dual cylindrical column can be broadened by improving the angle of the chamber clapboard and the inner–outer cylinder diameter ratio.