Various types of flow-induced oscillations (FIOs) have been implemented in development of marine hydrokinetic (MHK) energy converters. With passive turbulence control (PTC), energy harvesting starts at a flow speed of about 0.5 m/s. However, there is worldwide MHK energy available in even slower currents. In the present study, the effect of damping on FIO and power extraction is investigated for a converter with large turbulence stimulation (PTC) consisting of straight strips with a height of 15% of the cylinder diameter and placed symmetrically on the cylinder surface. The oscillating amplitude decreases, as the damping ratio increases, with unchanged sinusoidal pattern of the displacement time-history. The frequency ratio is also affected by damping especially in the VIV initial branch and transition region between VIV and galloping. An important flow characteristic of the large-PTC cylinder is that a recirculation region is formed behind the PTC, causing appreciable disturbance to the flow past the cylinder. Power can be harvested in the whole FIO range and the harnessed power maximum appears at the largest inflow velocity tested. However, the optimum of harnessing efficiency is located at the beginning of the VIV upper branch. The gap between VIV and galloping is bridged when large PTC is used, eliminating the drop in power and efficiency even at higher damping, which would be a weakness of regular-PTC cylinder for energy harvesting. The mechanism behind the variation of harnessing efficiency with inflow velocity and damping ratio is revealed, and the optimality criterion for the converter design is discussed.