Tidal current energy is a promising renewable energy, and it has become a research hotspot all over the world. Tidal current turbines (TCTs) are the devices that capture tidal current energy and convert it into electricity. Power train is one of the key technologies, and a gearbox is traditionally used. Because of the disadvantages of the gearbox, several soft power transmission methods have been studied, such as hydraulic power train and direct-drive train. Aiming for maximum power point tracking (MPPT) and constant frequency simultaneously, this paper introduces the hydraulic-mechanical hybrid transmission for TCT. Different from the traditional mechanical transmission, the hydraulic-mechanical hybrid transmission uses a two-degree-of-freedom planetary gear (TDPG) as the power split device. In this transmission, the rotor speed can be regulated by hydraulic pump displacement control to realize the MPPT, and the power can be stabilized through the hydraulic system. In this paper, the hydraulic-mechanical hybrid transmission is introduced, and the characteristics of the TDPG are analyzed first. Then, the control strategy of TCT is proposed. Finally, the system is modeled and constructed, and the simulation results confirm the validity of the hydraulic-mechanical hybrid transmission of TCT.